When installing reporting extensions on SQL server 2016, you may experience a crash during the installation preventing the installation to complete.
To overcome this issue you need to manually install some additional components.
Note: Ensure any previous attempts to install the reporting extensions are uninstalled prior to completing the following.
From the Microsoft SQL Server 2012 SP1 Feature pack https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=35580
install the following two components
a) Microsoft® SQL Server® 2012 SP1 Shared Management Objects
b) Microsoft® SQL Server® 2012 SP1 Analysis Management Objects
After these two components have been installed, restart the server then install the reporting extensions.